[4:163] We have inspired you, as we inspired Noah and the prophets after him. And we inspired Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, the Patriarchs, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon. And we gave David the Psalms.
[4:164] Messengers we have told you about, and messengers we never told you about. And GOD spoke to Moses directly.
[4:165] Messengers to deliver good news, as well as warnings. Thus, the people will have no excuse when they face GOD, after all these messengers have come to them. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.
[4:166] But GOD bears witness concerning what He has revealed to you; He has revealed it with His knowledge. And the angels bear witness as well, but GOD suffices as witness.
[4:167] Surely, those who disbelieve and repel from the way of GOD have strayed far astray.
[4:168] Those who disbelieve and transgress, GOD will not forgive them, nor will He guide them in any way;
[4:169] except the way to Hell, wherein they abide forever. This is easy for GOD to do.
[4:170] O people, the messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord. Therefore, you shall believe for your own good. If you disbelieve, then to GOD belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise.
Why are the prophets mentioned in this specific order since it is not chronological?
Noah => Abraham => Ishmael => Isaac => Aaron => Patriarchs => David => Solomon => Jonah => Job => Jesus
It is chronological from Noah to Isaac.
Noah => Abraham => Ishmael => Isaac => Aaron
Jesus => Job => Jonah (reverse order)
Aaron => Solomon => David (David came before Solomon)
Who are the Patriarchs?
They are prophets some time between Jacob and Jesus.
There are 12 disciples of Jesus, 12 tribes of Israel, and 12 patriarchs
[6:84] And we granted him Isaac and Jacob, and we guided both of them. Similarly, we guided Noah before that, and from his descendants (we guided) David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron. We thus reward the righteous.
[6:85] Also, Zachariah, John, Jesus, and Elias; all were righteous.
[6:86] And Ismail, Elisha, Jonah, and Lot; each of these we distinguished over all the people.
Did God speak directly with anyone else that we know of?
[2:253]These messengers; we blessed some of them more than others. For example, GOD spoke to one, and we raised some of them to higher ranks. And we gave Jesus, son of Mary, profound miracles and supported him with the Holy Spirit. Had GOD willed, their followers would not have fought with each other, after the clear proofs had come to them. Instead, they disputed among themselves; some of them believed, and some disbelieved. Had GOD willed, they would not have fought. Everything is in accordance with GOD’s will.
Example of God’s inspiration:
Every Believer Needs Assurance
[2:260] Abraham said, “My Lord, show me how You revive the dead.” He said, “Do you not believe?” He said, “Yes, but I wish to reassure my heart.” He said, “Take four birds, study their marks, place a piece of each bird on top of a hill, then call them to you. They will come to you in a hurry. You should know that GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.”