Sura 57 of the Quran is entitled Iron (Al-Hadeed / الحـديد). Iron is the 26th element on the periodic table.
In Arabic, every letter also has a corresponding gematrical value where each letter also represents a number, similar to roman numerals.
If we look at the word iron in Arabic, Hadeed حـديد , we see that this word has a gematrical value of 26. While the gematrical value of Al-Hadeed / الحـديد has a gematrical value of 57.
The Quran has 114 suras. If we divide 114 in half we see that the center sura is 57, which happens to be entitled Iron (Al-Hadeed / الحـديد). Similarly, if we cut the earth in half we see that the center of the Earth is also made from an iron core.
[57:25] We sent our messengers supported by clear proofs, and we sent down to them the scripture and the law, that the people may uphold justice. And we sent down the iron, wherein there is strength, and many benefits for the people. All this in order for GOD to distinguish those who would support Him and His messengers, on faith. GOD is Powerful, Almighty.
لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنْزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ وَأَنْزَلْنَا الْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَنْصُرُهُ وَرُسُلَهُ بِالْغَيْبِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ
Iron like all elements were all created from either the intiial Big Bang or through cosmis explosions from stars. Stars begin with hydrogen gas. As hydrogen builds up it will create more gravity causing the mass to want to draw towards the center of the star. This causes the star to heat up and compress until the hydrogen fuses together to make helium. Then the process continues again as the star gets more massive and denser causing more heat and gravity to create heavier and heavier elements such that after helium carbon is produced, then oxygen. This process continues creating heavier and heaveri atoms until the final step when iron is fused. The moment this happens the star will explode into a supernova scattering all the elements that were fused inside the star as well as some heavier elements that form as an outcome of the supernova. The elements from the star will go on to form planets and other heavenly objects. This is how the Earth obtained its iron which has become so necessary for life on Earth as well as essential to the advancement of human civilization.
Earth’s Magnetic Field & Iron
The iron core of the Earth generates a magnetic field around the Earth that protects the life on the planet from much of the harmful radiation that our sun and other galactic forces bombarde on our planet. If it wasn’t for the magnetic forcefield of the Earth created by the its iron core, there would be no life on Earth. This is because without this magnetic field dangerous radiation like gamma rays and x-rays would obliverate any organic life from ever forming let alone surviving.
Iron and Life
Iron is so important that without it all life would cease to exist. Every living thing: plants, animals, human beings, bacteria (good and bad), even cancer cells all need iron to survive and grow. Plants require iron to make chlorophyll, which is necessary for growth and generating oxygen for people to breathe. Plants, animals, and human beings require iron to make DNA, which encodes all life. Animals and humans also need iron to make hemoglobin, which delivers oxygen to the body. Iron also carries carbon dioxide out of the body, which plants need to function.
Humans also need iron to make myoglobin in muscles. Myoglobin is a protein like hemoglobin, except that it is an oxygen storage protein contained in muscles of the body. We call upon the oxygen stored in myoglobin when we use our muscles to walk, run, climb or move in any way.
Iron and the Advancment of Civilization
Iron has been a cornerstone to human progress. From the shields and swords and armor that were required in battle, to the cars we drive and the bridges we drive on, to skyscrapers that line our skylines, to the abudance of technologies we depend on everyday for work, entertainment, and sustenance, iron has been an essential part of human civilization. It is estimated that a person born in America today will need more than 20,000 pounds of iron in their lifetime to provide them all the benefits that we enjoy today. There should not be a day that goes by that we should not give thanks to God for such an abundance of blessing that He has provided us through this material.