In addition to the massive amount of evidence we have proving that the verses 9:128 and 9:129 are not part of the original Quran via the mathematical structure of the Quran, the historical account also confirms this fact.

This Sura is considered Medinan except for these two last two verses which are considered Meccan. This is the only Sura which such a phenomenon is claimed. Some claim a similar phenomenon in sura 12, but not accepted by most scholars.

While every other verse had numerous witnesses and parchments validating their authenticity these two verses were the only verses that relied on a single parchment and was validated by only a single companion of the prophet, Khuzeimah Ibn Thaabet Al-Ansaary.

The reason it was still accepted as part of the Quran despite not meeting the criteria set forth for all other verses was because someone claimed a hadith stating that “the testimony of Khuzeimah equals the testimony of two men.”

Also, it is the only verse where two of the attributes of God “رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ / kind, merciful” are used to describe the prophet.

Below are the Hadith that shows the historical account of how these verses were decided to be included in the Quran despite the numerous issues regarding witnesses and testimony. It is noteworthy, that these are considered the last verses of the chronological revelation of the Quran with the exception of Sura 110 which is only three verses.

The following Sahi Bukhari Hadith:

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 201
Volume 6: Book 61, Number 509

Volume 6: Book 61, Number 511
Volume 9: Book 93, Number 521

Additional Hadith on the subject:

  • On the authority of Muhammad ibn Sirin, on the authority of Ikrima, who said, “After Abu Bakr’s inauguration, Ali ibn Abu Talib stayed in his house. So it was said to Abu Bakr, ‘He is averse to swearing allegiance to you.’ Then Abu Bakr sent for him and said, ‘Are you averse to swearing allegiance to me?’ He said, ‘No. By God.’ He [Abu Bakr] said, ‘What makes you upset with me?’ He said, ‘I think something has been added to the Book of God. So I said to myself that I will not put on my street clothes except for the Friday prayer until it has been resolved.'” (Al-Suyuti Vol. 1, 57-58).
  • Uthman ibn Affan stood up and said, ‘Whoever has something from the Book of God, let him bring it to us.’ And nothing would be accepted until two witnesses testified to it. Then, Khuzaima ibn Thabit came and said, “I see that you left out two verse that you did not write.” They said, “What are they?” He said, “I learned from God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, (9:128-129): Indeed, a messenger has come to you from among yourselves. Your suffering is hard on him. He is anxious over you, compassionate and merciful to the believers…,” to the end of the Sura. Uthman said, “I bear witness that they are from God. So, where do you think you should put them?” He said, “Conclude the last of what was revealed of the Quran with them.” So Baraa was concluded with them. (Ibn Abu Dawud vol. 2, 31).
  • Ibn Zubair said, “Al-Harith ibn Khuzaima brought two verses from the end of surat Baraa: Indeed, a messenger has come to you from among yourselves. Your suffering is hard on him. He is anxious over you, compassionate and merciful to the believers, until His saying, the Lord of the glorious throne, to Umar. So he [Umar] said, ‘Who is with you in this?’ He [Al-Harith] said, ‘I only know that I bear witness that I heard them from God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him.’ Then, Umar said, ‘And I bear witness that I heard them from God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him.’ Then he said, ‘If it was three verses, I would make them a separate Sura. Then, they looked for a Sura from the Quran and attached them to it. Thus, it was attached at the end of Baraa” (Ibn Abu Dawud Vol. 2, 30).
  • On the authority of Ubayy ibn Kaab, they were collecting the Quran and when they reached the end of the verse in surat Baraa: Thus, God has diverted their hearts, for they are people who do not comprehend, they thought that this was the last of what had been revealed. Then, Ubayy said, “God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, had me recite two verses after this: Indeed, a messenger has come to you from among yourselves…”to the end of the Sura, (and he said) “Meccan.” (Al-Suyuti vol. 1, 61).
  • On the authority of Ubayy ibn Kaab, they were collecting the Quran from the volume of Ubayy. Men were writing, while Ubayy ibn Kaab was dictating to them. When they reached the end of the verse in Sura Baraa (9:127): Thus, God has diverted their hearts, for they are people who do not comprehend, they asserted that this verse was the last of what God, the Exalted, revealed of the Quran. Then, Ubayy said, “God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, had me recite two verses after this: Indeed, a messenger has come to you from among yourselves. Your suffering is hard on him. He is anxious over you, compassionate and merciful to the believers…” to the end of the Sura. He said, “So this is the last of what was revealed of the Quran” (Ibn Abu Dawud vol.2, 30).
  • “When we copied the pages into volumes, I failed to find a verse from Sura al-Azhab, that I used to hear God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, reciting. I did not find it with anyone except Khuzaima al-Ansari, whose testimony God’s messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, had made as the testimony of two men…” (Al-Bukhari, Matn vol. 3, 175).

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