Individuals, who ascribe to upholding Hadith besides the Quran struggle to define what the Quran is. This is due to their erroneous understanding that the verses of the Quran were abrogated or forgotten.

According to Al-Itqan fi Ulum al-Qur’an (االتقان في علوم القران), by Jalaluddin Suyuti, English Translation by Muneer Fareed it states:

Abu ‘Ubaid said: “Ismai’il b. Ibrahim reported to us, from Ayyub, from Nafi, from Ibn ‘Umar, who said:

“Nobody should say that he has committed the whole Qur’an to memory, for he does not know what is the whole Qur’an, since much of the Qur’an has been eliminated. Rather, he should say that he has memorized what is found of it.”

Variant Readings of The Qur’an, Ahmad ‘Ali Al-Imam

According to followers of Hadith:

  • The Quran had two additional suras, Named ‘l-Khal`a and ‘l-Hafd, that were forgotten
  • Sura 33, Al-Ahzãb, which contains 73 verses used to contain 200 verses. While another narration stated that it was originally the same length as Sura 2, Al-Baqarah, which is the longest sura in the Quran with 286 verses
  • Sura 9, Barã’ah, was originally much longer
  • That the compilers of the Quran debated to making the last two verses, which were falsely added to Sura 9, into its own sura, but decided instead to add it to the end of Sura 9 because there wasn’t a third verse added to it
  • The verses regarding stoning of adulterers and adult suckling were left out of the Quran

Length of Sura 33, Al-Ahzãb

He also said: “Ibn Abu Maryam reported to us from Ibn Lahi’a, from Abu ‘l-Aswad, from ‘Urwa b. ‘l-Zubair, that A’isha said: “During the time of the Prophet (s) two hundred verses of the chapter ‘l-Ahzab [Sura 33] were recited but when compiling the Qur’an ‘Uthman was only able to collect what now exists.”

He also said: “Isma’il b. Ja’far reported to us from ‘l-Mubarak b. Fudala, from ‘Asim b. Abu ‘l-Nujud, from Zirr b. Hubaish who said: “Ubayy b. Ka’b told me: ‘How many verses do you count in chapter ‘l-Ahzab? I said: ’72 or 73 verses.’ He said: ‘At one time it had as many verses as l-Baqara, including the verses on stoning which we used to recite.’ I said: “What is the verse of stoning?’ He said, ‘If a married man or woman fornicated, stone them without hesitation; a fitting punishment from God. God is Mighty, and all Wise.’

Additional Suras

Abu ‘Ubaid said: Hajjaj informed us from Hammad b. Salama, from Ali b. Zail, from Abu Harb b. Abu ‘l-Awad, that Abu Musa ‘l-‘Ash’ari said: A chapter resembling Bara’a was revealed and then removed except for the following verse: ‘God will assist this religion even with a community that is good for nothing, And if the son of Adam possessed two valley’s worth of wealth he would lust for a third; nothing would fill his belly (to his satisfaction) except the dust of the grave. But God does forgive all who turn to him.”

Ibn Abu Hatim reports that Abu Musa ‘l-‘Ash’ari said: “We used to recite a chapter that we compared to the musabbihat, but we were made to forget it, except for one verse which I memorized: ‘O! Ye who believe! Speak not of that upon which you act not, lest it be recorded against you, and you be asked about it on the Day of Resurrection.”

‘l-Tabarani reports in the work ‘l-Kabir that Ibn `Umar said: “Two men used to recite a chapter taught to them by the Prophet (s). One night they awoke to pray only to find that they were unable to recall even one letter of that chapter. The next morning they went to the Prophet (s) to inform him of what had transpired. He said: ‘It is of those parts of the Qur’an that have been abrogated, so ignore it.'”

‘l-Husain b. ‘l-Munadi in his work ‘l-Nasikh wa ‘l-Mansukh said: “of the material that was
removed from the Qur’an but not from memory are the two chapters of the qunut supplications that are recited in the witr prayer; they were named ‘l-Khal`a and ‘l-Hafd.

9:128-129 Were Considered To Be Their Own Sura

Ibn Abu Dawud narrates that Khyuzaymah ibn Thabit provided what came to be verses 128 and 129 of Surat al-Tawbah’s, and ‘Umar said that he would have made them a surah if they had been three verses. Then suggested that he should decide where to put them. As a result, they were put at the end of Surat al-Tawbah.

Al-Masahif, p. 30

Ubayy ibn Ka’b reported that when they compiled the Qur’an, the scribes thought that 9:127 was the end of the sura. Then he informed them: “The messenger aught me two verses after this, “Verily has come unto you a Messenger…””

*Note: The author of Bulugh al-Amani, vol. 18, pp. 54-55 and pp.173-174, accepts this version as a sound hadith accepted by al-Hakim.

Al-Masahif, vol. 9, pp. 128-129; Al-Murshid al-Wajiz, p. 56; Tartib al-Musnad, vol. 18., p. 173.

Length of Sura 9

The ‘l-Mustadrak contains a report from Hudhaifa where he says: “Of the chapter ‘l-Bara’a you recite but one quarter.”

Lost Verses

Abu Ubaid said: Ibn Abu Maryam informed us, from Nafi b. Umar ‘l-Jumahi who said: ‘Ibn Abu Mulaika informed me, from Miswar b. Makhrama who said: ‘Umar said to Abd ‘l-Rahman b. ‘Auf: “I have been unable to find a verse revealed to us “Strive now, as you have in the past.” Do you know of its whereabouts? He replied: “It was effaced along with everything else that was effaced from the Qur’an.”

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with, her) reported that it had been revealed in the Holy Qur’an that ten clear sucklings make the marriage unlawful, then it was abrogated (and substituted) by five sucklings and Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) died and it was before that time (found) in the Holy Qur’an (and recited by the Muslims). –

Sahih Muslim 1452a, Book 17, Hadith 30, Book 8, Hadith 3421

‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas reported that ‘Umar bin Khattab sat on the pulpit of Allah’s messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Verily Allah sent Muhammad (may peace be upon him) with truth and he sent down the book upon him, and the verse of stoning was included in what was sent down to him. We recited it, retained it in our memory and understood it. Allah’s messenger (may peace be upon him) awarded the punishment of stoning to death (to the married adulterer and adulteress) and after him, we also awarded the punishment of stoning. I am afraid that with the lapse of time, the people (may forget it) and may say: We do not find the punishment of stoning in the book of Allah, and thus go astray by abandoning this duty prescribed by Allah. Stoning is a duty laid down in Allah’s book for married men and women who commit adultery when proof is established, or if there is pregnancy or a confession.

Muslim, III, No. 4194; Bukhari, VIII, No. 816.

“I fear that after a long time has passed, some will say: ‘I do not find (the sentence of) stoning in the Book of Allah (ﷺ),’ and they will go astray by abandoning one of the obligations enjoined by Allah (SWT). Rather stoning is a must if a man is married (or previously married) and proof is established, or if pregnancy results or if he admits it. I have read it (in the Quran). “And if an old man and an old woman commit adultery, stone them both.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stoned (adulterers) and we stoned (them) after him.’ ”

Grade:Sahih (Darussalam); Sunan Ibn Majah 2553, Book 20, Hadith 21, Vol. 3, Book 20, Hadith 2553

Misunderstanding of Abrogation

The false understanding that the verses of the Quran can be abrogated comes from the misunderstanding of the following two verses.

[2:106] When we abrogate any miracle, or cause it to be forgotten, we produce a better miracle, or at least an equal one. Do you not recognize the fact that GOD is Omnipotent?

(١٠٦) مَا نَنْسَخْ مِنْ آيَةٍ أَوْ نُنْسِهَا نَأْتِ بِخَيْرٍ مِنْهَا أَوْ مِثْلِهَا أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

[16:101] When we substitute one revelation in place of another, and GOD is fully aware of what He reveals, they say, “You made this up!” Indeed, most of them do not know.

(١٠١) وَإِذَا بَدَّلْنَا آيَةً مَكَانَ آيَةٍ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يُنَزِّلُ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُفْتَرٍ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

The misunderstanding stems from the single word, ayat / آيَةٍ. While this word in modern Arabic means verse, in the Classical Arabic of the Quran this word, as represented in its singular form, means either sign, miracle, or the entire Quran. The singular form of this word, which is used 84 times in the Quran, is never used in reference to a single verse of the Quran.

To review all other instances where this specific word was used, which all conform to this translation, see 2:118, 2:145, 2:211, 2:248, 15:77, 21:5, 3:13, 3:41, 3:49, 3:50, 5:114, 6:4, 6:25, 6:35, 6:37, 6:109, 6:124, 7:73, 7:106, 7:132, 7:146, 7:203, 10:20, 10:92, 10:97, 11:64, 11:103, 12:105, 13:7, 13:27, 13:38, 15:77, 16:11, 16:13, 16:65, 16:67, 16:69, 16:101, 17:12, 19:10, 19:21, 20:22, 20:47, 20:133, 21:5, 21:91, 23:50, 25:37, 26:4, 26:8, 26:67, 26:103, 26:121, 26:128, 26:139, 26:154, 26:158, 26:174, 26:190, 26:197, 27:52, 29:15, 29:35, 29:44, 30:58, 34:9, 34:15, 36:33, 36:37, 36:41, 36:46, 37:14, 40:78, 43:48, 48:20, 51:37, 54:2, 54:15, 79:20.

Abrogation Contradicts The Quran

One of the aspects of the Quran is that it contains no contradictions. This is to affirm the followers of the Quran that if we come up with an understanding that forms a contradiction that it means we need to adjust our understanding of the verses to eliminate the contradiction. The followers of Hadith on the other hand believe that many verses of the Quran do contradict and therefore infer that the verses abrogate one another. This understanding itself forms a contradiction with the following verse.

[4:82] Why do they not study the Quran carefully? If it were from other than GOD, they would have found in it numerous contradictions.

(٨٢) أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا

Another contradiction is formed if we are to think that certain verses of the Quran are abrogated as God tells us that no other source can abrogate the words of God. Yet the Hadith makes it appear as if Muhammad himself had such an ability.

Judamat al-Asadiyyah said that she heard the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) Say:

I intended to prohibit suckling during pregnancy (ghailah), but I considered the Greeks and the Persians and saw that they practiced it, without any injury being caused to their children thereby. Malik said : Ghailah means that a man has intercourse with a women while she is suckling a child.

Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani); Sunan Abi Dawud 3882; Book 29, Hadith 28; Book 28, Hadith 3873

As we see specified consistently throughout the Quran the messenger did not have the authority to add any of his own religious laws, but strictly only followed what was revealed to him by God.

[10:15] When our revelations are recited to them, those who do not expect to meet us say, “Bring a Quran other than this, or change it!” Say, “I cannot possibly change it on my own. I simply follow what is revealed to me. I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the retribution of an awesome day.”

 وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا ائْتِ بِقُرْآنٍ غَيْرِ هَٰذَا أَوْ بَدِّلْهُ قُلْ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أُبَدِّلَهُ مِنْ تِلْقَاءِ نَفْسِي إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ إِنِّي أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّي عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

Abrogation (Nasikh and Badl) in Quran

The Quran uses two words that mean abrogation the first more commonly known word is nasikh, as used in 2:106, and the other is badl, as used in 16:101. We see this second use of this word used in the following verse which clarify that God’s words can never be abrogated by any other source.

[18:27] You shall recite what is revealed to you of your Lord’s scripture. Nothing shall abrogate His words, and you shall not find any other source beside it.

(٢٧) وَاتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ كِتَابِ رَبِّكَ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَدًا

We see nasikh used in the following verse, showing that God abrogates the work of the devil.

[22:52] We did not send before you any messenger, nor a prophet, without having the devil interfere in his wishes. GOD then nullifies what the devil has done. GOD perfects His revelations. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise.

 وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَلَا نَبِيٍّ إِلَّا إِذَا تَمَنَّىٰ أَلْقَى الشَّيْطَانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ فَيَنْسَخُ اللَّهُ مَا يُلْقِي الشَّيْطَانُ ثُمَّ يُحْكِمُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ

An example of this that we are witnessing today is the abundance of Hadith that have been attributed to the prophet of God. This is further explained in the following two verses.

[6:112] We have permitted the enemies of every prophet—human and jinn devils—to inspire in each other fancy words, in order to deceive. Had your Lord willed, they would not have done it. You shall disregard them and their fabrications.

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا شَيَاطِينَ الْإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِي بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُورًا وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا يَفْتَرُونَ

[6:113] This is to let the minds of those who do not believe in the Hereafter listen to such fabrications, and accept them, and thus expose their real convictions.

(١١٣) وَلِتَصْغَىٰ إِلَيْهِ أَفْئِدَةُ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ وَلِيَرْضَوْهُ وَلِيَقْتَرِفُوا مَا هُمْ مُقْتَرِفُونَ

Hadith’s Need for Abrogation

The reason that followers of the Hadith are so fixated to mistranslate 2:106, and 16:101 is because without this clause they will never be able to justify the upholding of Hadith. The reason is because the mere act of upholding Hadith besides the Quran as religious law is itself prohibited in the Quran.

[77:50] Which Hadith, other than this, do they uphold?

(٥٠) فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ

[45:6] These are GOD’s revelations that we recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than GOD and His revelations do they believe?

(٦) تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Therefore, in order to break such a crucial commandment followers of Hadith came up with this concept of abrogation.

Quran Is Complete

The Quran repeatedly tells us that it is complete and fully detailed, has explanations for everything we need for our salvation, and should be our only source of religious law.

[6:114] Shall I seek other than GOD as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those who received the scripture recognize that it has been revealed from your Lord, truthfully. You shall not harbor any doubt.

(١١٤) أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ

[6:115] The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.

(١١٥) وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ صِدْقًا وَعَدْلًا لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

[18:54] We have cited in this Quran every kind of example, but the human being is the most argumentative creature.

(٥٤) وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ لِلنَّاسِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَلٍ وَكَانَ الْإِنْسَانُ أَكْثَرَ شَيْءٍ جَدَلًا

[39:27] We have cited for the people every kind of example in this Quran, that they may take heed.

(٢٧) وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَلٍ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Worst Evil

According to the Quran one of the worst evils a person can do is to attribute lies to God. Individuals who spread Hadith and promote the concept of abrogation, therefore, are committing one of the worst sins.

[6:21] Who is more evil than one who lies about GOD, or rejects His revelations? The transgressors never succeed.

(٢١) وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِآيَاتِهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ

[10:17] Who is more evil than one who fabricates lies about GOD, or rejects His revelations. Certainly, the transgressors never succeed.

(١٧) فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِآيَاتِهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ

[16:105] The only ones who fabricate false doctrines are those who do not believe in GOD’s revelations; they are the real liars.

(١٠٥) إِنَّمَا يَفْتَرِي الْكَذِبَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَاذِبُونَ

[40:75] This is because you used to rejoice in false doctrines, on earth, and you used to promote them.

(٧٥) ذَٰلِكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَفْرَحُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَمْرَحُونَ

Conclusion

The Quran is complete, perfect, fully detailed, and the only Hadith that a follower of the Quran should be upholding as a source of religious law (6:114-115). The supporters of additional Hadith besides the Quran claim that these other Hadith are needed in order to understand the Quran. Yet, such claims not only contradict the verses of the Quran, which state that it is clear and easy to understand, but also create numerous contradictions in the religion. Then in order to bypass these contradictions upholders of Hadith besides the Quran had to create another innovation around the concept of abrogation, which allows individuals to cherry-pick which verses of the Quran they want to follow and which ones they want to disregard.

This is akin to a person who tells a lie, then has to perpetually spin additional lies in order to reconcile the gaps in their story, but at a certain point the lies get to be too much and the whole narrative comes crashing down.

[39:23] GOD has revealed herein the best Hadith; a book that is consistent, and points out both ways (to Heaven and Hell). The skins of those who reverence their Lord cringe therefrom, then their skins and their hearts soften up for GOD’s message. Such is GOD’s guidance; He bestows it upon whomever He wills. As for those sent astray by GOD, nothing can guide them.

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُتَشَابِهًا مَثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

[39:27] We have cited for the people every kind of example in this Quran, that they may take heed.

 وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَلٍ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

[39:28] An Arabic Quran, without any ambiguity, that they may be righteous.

 قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا غَيْرَ ذِي عِوَجٍ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

[39:29] GOD cites the example of a man who deals with disputing partners (Hadith), compared to a man who deals with only one consistent source (Quran). Are they the same? Praise be to GOD; most of them do not know.

 ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

[39:30] You (Muhammad) will surely die, just like they will die.

 إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ

[39:31] On the Day of Resurrection, before your Lord, you people will feud with one another.

 ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عِنْدَ رَبِّكُمْ تَخْتَصِمُونَ

[39:32] Who is more evil than one who attributes lies to GOD, while disbelieving in the truth that has come to him? Is Hell not a just requital for the disbelievers?

 فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنْ كَذَبَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَكَذَّبَ بِالصِّدْقِ إِذْ جَاءَهُ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِلْكَافِرِينَ

[39:33] As for those who promote the truth, and believe therein, they are the righteous.

 وَالَّذِي جَاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

[39:36] Is GOD not sufficient for His servant? They frighten you with the idols they set up beside Him. Whomever GOD sends astray, nothing can guide him.

 أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِكَافٍ عَبْدَهُ وَيُخَوِّفُونَكَ بِالَّذِينَ مِنْ دُونِهِ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

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