Abraham Debates With Idol Worshipers
[6:74] Recall that Abraham said to his father Azar, “How could you worship statues as gods? I see that you and your people have gone far astray.”
[6:75] We showed Abraham the marvels of the heavens and the earth, and blessed him with certainty:
[6:76] When the night fell, he saw a shining planet. “Maybe this is my Lord,” he said. When it disappeared, he said, “I do not like (gods) that disappear.”
[6:77] When he saw the moon rising, he said, “Maybe this is my Lord!” When it disappeared, he said, “Unless my Lord guides me, I will be with the strayers.”
[6:78] When he saw the sun rising, he said, “This must be my Lord. This is the biggest.” But when it set, he said, “O my people, I denounce your idolatry.
[6:79] “I have devoted myself absolutely to the One who initiated the heavens and the earth; I will never be an idol worshiper.”
[6:80] His people argued with him. He said, “Do you argue with me about GOD, after He has guided me? I have no fear of the idols you set up. Nothing can happen to me, unless my Lord wills it. My Lord’s knowledge encompasses all things. Would you not take heed?
[6:81] “Why should I fear your idols? It is you who should be afraid, since you worship instead of GOD idols that are utterly powerless to help you. Which side is more deserving of security, if you know?”
If Abraham was certain about God In 6:74 why is Abraham asking about the sun and the moon and a planet being his Lord?
it states that God showed Abraham the marvels of the heavens and the earth and blessed him with certainty. God knew about the moon and the sun and this shows that he was providing an example to his people and that he knew that the moon or the sun was not his Lord. God taught Abraham about the sun, moon and planet and is explaining it to people who do not understand the characteristics of God.
Bill Bryson: The Four Most Remarkable Things I Know (11min 28sec)
[17:84] Say, “Everyone works in accordance with his belief, and your Lord knows best which ones are guided in the right path.”
Wisdom vs. Knowledge
Anyone can gain knowledge, but wisdom only comes from God.
[2:129] “Our Lord, and raise among them a messenger to recite to them Your revelations, teach them the scripture and wisdom, and purify them. You are the Almighty, Most Wise.”
Wisdom: A Great Treasure
[2:269] He bestows wisdom upon whomever He chooses, and whoever attains wisdom, has attained a great bounty. Only those who possess intelligence will take heed.
[2:32] They said, “Be You glorified, we have no knowledge, except that which You have taught us. You are the Omniscient, Most Wise.”
The Real Wealth
[28:80] As for those who were blessed with knowledge, they said, “Woe to you, GOD’s recompense is far better for those who believe and lead a righteous life.” None attains this except the steadfast.
Knowledge is the answer to how and wisdom is the answer to why.
Wisdom in the Age of Information: Maria Popova (Future of StoryTelling 2014)